In Kimakonde, a language spoken in Tanzania and Mozambique, ‘Chikungunya’ means ‘to become contorted’ (bent out of normal shape), which may result from severe joint pain.1
Risk areas for Chikungunya
When you’re bitten by mosquitoes carrying the virus. These mosquitoes may also be carrying other viruses such as Dengue Fever.1
Cases have been reported in over a hundred countries, including much of Central and South America, sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East, India, China and many other areas of Asia and Southeast Asia (see map).2
Sudden onset of fever, pain in the joints and muscles, headache, nausea, fatigue and rash. The joint pain can be debilitating.1
Symptoms usually occur between 4 and 8 days after being bitten but can occur between 2 and 12 days, therefore you may start to feel ill when you are back home after your trip.1
Serious cases are not common and most people make a full recovery. But pain in the joints can last for months or even years and while symptoms can be treated, there is no known cure for the infection.1
You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection:
- Visit your nearest convenient pharmacy or specialist travel health clinic for a risk assessment before your trip
- Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin, DEET, PMD or OLE (oil of lemon eucalyptus), IR3535 or 2-undecanone3
- Wear appropriate clothing (e.g loose fitting long-sleeved clothes, long trousers, socks and shoes) to minimise exposed skin4,5
- Use mosquito nets if you are sleeping or resting in unscreened accommodation or sleeping outdoors during the day or night4
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- World Health Organization. Fact sheets. Chikungunya. December 2022. Available online: https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/chikungunya (Last accessed May 2023)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Chikungunya Virus. Areas at Risk for Chikungunya. March 2023. Available online: https://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/geo/ (Last accessed May 2023)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2024. Section 4 Environmental Hazards & Risks. Mosquitoes, Ticks & Other Arthropods. May 2023. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2024/environmental-hazards-risks/mosquitoes-ticks-and-other-arthropods (Last accessed May 2023)
- Public Health England. Mosquito bite avoidance for travellers. January 2023. Available online: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/mosquito-bite-avoidance-for-travellers (Last accessed May 2023)
- Fit for Travel. General Travel Health Advice. Mosquito Bite Avoidance. Available online: https://www.fitfortravel.nhs.uk/advice/malaria/mosquito-bite-avoidance (Last accessed May 2023)
UK-BOTB-2100013 (v2.0) May 2023