The chance of dying from a TBE infection can range from less than 2% – 40%, dependent on which type of infection you get.1
Risk areas for Tick-Borne Encephalitis
Being bitten by a tick carrying the virus which causes the disease, by ingesting unpasteurized dairy products (such as milk and cheese) from infected animals.1
Tick-borne encephalitis found in many countries in Europe and Asia (see map).1 There is greater risk in rural and forested areas.2
Many TBE infections do not show any symptoms. If symptoms do occur, this can take up to 28 days and may include fever, headache, muscle pain or fatigue.1
Most people recover fully but, in rare cases, infection leads to inflammation of the tissue surrounding the brain (meningitis) and the brain itself (encephalitis). When this happens, symptoms can include confusion, difficulty with speech or balance, seizures, and light sensitivity.1
You can take the following precautions to help reduce your risk of infection:
- Visit your nearest convenient pharmacy or specialist travel health clinic for a risk assessment before your trip
- Avoid places – like long grass – where ticks live2,3
- Use a recommended insect repellent containing either Picaridin, DEET, PMD or OLE, IR3535 or 2-undecanone3
- Wear appropriate clothing (e.g loose fitting long-sleeved clothes, long trousers, socks and shoes) to minimise exposed skin3
- Check every day for ticks that may have attached themselves to your body.3 Carefully remove any that you find using a tick remover or tweezers. Gently grip the tick as close to the skin as possible and pull it away without twisting or crushing. Then wash your skin with water and soap and apply an antiseptic cream.2
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- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2020. Chapter 4 Travel-Related Infectious Diseases. Tickborne Encephalitis. June 2019. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2020/travel-related-infectious-diseases/tickborne-encephalitis (Last accessed May 2021)
- NHS Choices. Conditions. Tick-borne Encephalitis. April 2021. Available online:
http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/tick-borne-encephalitis/ (Last accessed May 2021)
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Yellow Book 2020. Chapter 3 Environmental Hazards & Other Noninfectious Health Risks. Mosquitoes, Ticks, & Other Arthropods. July 2019. Available online: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/yellowbook/2020/noninfectious-health-risks/mosquitoes-ticks-and-other-arthropods (Last accessed May 2021)
UK-BOTB-2100027 May 2021